FRAILTY IMPACT ON SURVIVAL ANALYSIS IN OLDER BRAZILIANS
METHODS: The study is part of Longitudinal SABE Study (Health, Wellbeing and Aging) that began in 2000 (first wave) with a multistage, clustered, probabilistic sample (n=2143) of older adults (≥ 60 years) in Sao Paulo, Brazil. The second wave was carried out in 2006 when 1115 elders were re-interviewed and a new probabilistic cohort (60 to 64 years) was included (n=298). The same occurred (third wave) in 2010 (978 elders were re-interviewed and a new cohort (n=355) was included). The sample here is composed by elders interviewed in 2006 (n=1413). The variable dependent was frailty condition using Fried’s Phenotype. Survival analysis was done based on data of 2010 (death analyses). Kaplan-Meier Survival Analysis was used to analyze the results considering frailty categories in baseline and and the presence or absence of cognitive decline. Losses occurred during the follow-up where considered with the half time of the period.
RESULTS: In 2006, frailty prevalence was 41.5 pre frail and 8.5 frail. The OR associated with frailty condition and survival was 2,72 (p=0.000; IC=1.665-4.464). Other variables associated were cognitive decline (OR=2.64; p=0.000;IC=1.702-4.098), gender (men) (OR=2.05; p=0.000; IC=1.538-2.755) and oldest age (OR=1.08; p=0.000; IC=1.059-1.1102).
CONCLUSIONS: Frailty is associated with mortality in Brazilian elders and cognitive decline has an significant impact in this outcome.