HIV and HIV risk behaviors among male-to-female transgender individuals in Tijuana, Mexico
METHODS: This was cross-sectional study design. The survey was done between January and June 2013 in Tijuana, México. Time location sampling was the recruiting method. Information was collected through an individual interview using a structured questionnaire, and blood collection to test for HIV.
RESULTS: One hundred and twenty MTFT were identified. Only 100 agreed to participate in the study. Twenty two tested positive for HIV, of those, only 12 have previous knowledge of their serological status. Sixty six of MTFT interviewed do commercial sex. Twenty two did´t use a condom in the last month, and 73 declared use of alcohol or drugs (principally metaanphetamines and marijuana) in the last month.
CONCLUSIONS: High prevalence of HIV was found in this MTFT sample, and a very high frequency of HIV related risk behaviors. MTFT must be considered as a vulnerable group to HIV and specific preventive strategies are needed.